The Role of Insulin in Diabetes: Animation

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Here’s what you need to know about insulin production and type 2 diabetes.

0:00 The role of insulin in diabetes animated
0:27 Insulin receptors and glucose absorption
0:44 What is insulin resistance?
1:14 Insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes

In this video, we’re going to talk about the pancreas and the role of insulin in diabetes.

The pancreas regulates blood glucose levels by secreting insulin. This hormone is produced in the regions of the pancreas known as islets of Langerhans, which is populated mostly with beta cells.

Once released from the beta cells, insulin assists glucose entry into different cells, such as the skeletal muscle cells. Their membranes contain insulin receptors that help the cells absorb glucose for energy.

Over time, an increase in carbohydrate intake results in excess levels of insulin in the blood—a condition known as hyperinsulinemia—as a protective mechanism from this. e

Excess cells will then start resisting insulin binding to their receptors. In turn, this will inhibit the delivery of glucose in the cell—a condition known as insulin resistance.

Insulin will turn glucose into fat to deal with high glucose levels, which leads to obesity. This leads to even higher levels of insulin over time.

The beta cells get exhausted and reduce the output of insulin. This imbalance between the high blood glucose, the resistance of insulin, and lower insulin output lead to a variety of health issues.

Over time, the number and volume of eyelids are reduced, less insulin is released, and blood sugars now rise too much. This situation becomes type 2 diabetes.

Dr. Eric Berg DC Bio:
Dr. Berg, age 55, is a chiropractor who specializes in Healthy Ketosis & Intermittent Fasting. He is the author of the best-selling book The Healthy Keto Plan, and is the Director of Dr. Berg Nutritionals. He no longer practices, but focuses on health education through social media.


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Dr. Eric Berg received his Doctor of Chiropractic degree from Palmer College of Chiropractic in 1988. His use of “doctor” or “Dr.” in relation to himself solely refers to that degree. Dr. Berg is a licensed chiropractor in Virginia, California, and Louisiana, but he no longer practices chiropractic in any state and does not see patients so he can focus on educating people as a full time activity, yet he maintains an active license. This video is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. It does not create a doctor-patient relationship between Dr. Berg and you. You should not make any change in your health regimen or diet before first consulting a physician and obtaining a medical exam, diagnosis, and recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. The Health & Wellness, Dr. Berg Nutritionals and Dr. Eric Berg, D.C. are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this video or site.

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Thanks for watching. I hope this animation helped clear up the mechanisms of insulin production, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. See you in the next video.
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